Visit our province "zero resource economy"
Yong man is not made of wood, local industries but by "wood" support;Nanan no stone, "stone" became the foundation stone of local economic take-off.Yong man by processing base cluster elements, nanan by production factors market gathering, though the way is different, make the "zero resource economy" phenomenon.Analyzes the phenomenon of emergence, development process, they face difficulties and the direction of the future, may provide reference for other local county economy to break.
From scratch and richer
- the yong man wood industry development course of the investigation
This is a breathtaking development: local does not have the rich timber resources, in more than ten years to grow up a support local economic leading industry, wood processing industry, and become the fujian province's largest wood products processing base, the third largest building templates."A log makes billions of value", which is set up only zhangzhou yong man zone for more than a decade to people's surprise.
Along with the "when" growth
Witness the yong man doyen of wood industry development course, chanda Lin Yazhu, founder of the wood industry company, still can remember clearly recall startup period, "1990 years later, someone in the village of wood processing, a do, made money, others will follow suit. When the production is very simple, LiangSanTai machine, YiErShiGe workers can work."So her head village curriculum development become ZhuanYe Village wood products processing.
To follow a person lead, groups, like data of village head ZhuanYe Village have mushroomed, continuous, small family factory everywhere.Almost universal input, this motivation come from?"When profits high!"Contrast is now only 3-5% of the profits, Lin Yazhu is envy.Highly profitable stimulation, relatively simple production technology, combined with the timber supply is relatively smooth, these factors fuelling the yong man start and development of wood industry.
Why yong man here just saw the rise of the industry?Officials have mentioned the yong man interviewed the location advantages.Yong man area in the east of zhangzhou city, the amphibious transportation is developed, which habitat and the rail wear, 324, 319 national highway and provincial highway jiao line north-south, parker mansion get, get a dragon and get a direct urban expressway, and is a hub of communications in the south of fujian province, fujian province, guangdong, and it is more than 60 km from xiamen, zhangzhou port is only 30 kilometers distance.
Since the 1990 s, and continued strong demand in the domestic market, space is gradually increased.According to theYong man area plywood association President, Tony hu, general manager of zhangzhou BaiHua wood industry co., LTDTo introduce, at least 1992 years ago, the plywood by more than 90% of domestic demand also rely on imports.Therefore, for the domestic market, plywood processing industry is the emerging industry, although not specification, but profitable, this stimulated the enthusiasm of the more and more people in this trip, "it's a bit like the primitive accumulation of capital process".
It is in "days, geographical and human", under the action of yong man wood industry to start, and form a prairie fire ".
Guide the growing
Yong man of initial flowering wood industry after a period of inflation, then suffered pain, development mess also gradually reveal.This, occurred in the mid 1990 s, from the initial flowering but five or six years.Due to vendor industry quickly spread, and low cost, equipment simple, therefore, the whole industry "scattered and disorderly, small", outstanding safety concerns, "baked wheaten cake joins camp" things happen from time to tome.In addition, countries in this industry, there is no precise specification, therefore, the product quality is uneven, shoddy, with bad master problem appeared.
And this period coincided with a new yong man area set, zhangzhou began to implement the strategy of "city east", new areas of the city construction.With this process, more rural surplus labor, the employment problem gradually highlights.On the one hand, industry to upgrade, on the one hand, many labor need jobs, how to do?"We mainly strengthen guide and standardize the."Yong man district deputy district chief xiang-dong xu said that in mid and late 1990 s, yong man area and guide the development of wood processing industry zone is complementary with preferential policies, provide loose development environment, such as on the tax a tax system, increasing year by year.On land use, although the urban planning but still not allow enterprises in the actual construction site set up temporary factory building, etc.
Volume, pressure plate production enterprise gradually rise, further driving, promoted the development of the furniture, and wood products enterprises, expand.It promote the industrial upgrading of the entire wood industry, at the same time, in addition to wood itself absorbing some labor employment, it also led to the development of transportation and distribution business the development of the tertiary industry, increase many job opportunities.This also to a certain extent, avoid the new district development caused more easily in the process of social stability and stable harmony.
After entering the new century, scale and level of yong man wood industry.From yong man area of plywood board of trade, according to data in the year 1, 5 month yong man area with wood processing enterprises, more than 1500, one hundred million yuan output value of more than 40.Today, the yong man area of fujian province has become the largest wood products processing base, the third largest building template market.Every month, it must be from 6000 to 10000 cubic meters of timber processing, building templates and do furniture, decorate with the plank, sold to guangdong, Shanghai and so on, all over the country and southeast Asia, Europe and the United States and other places, zhangzhou port therefore become the province's largest log import port.
Big market has a big industry
Nanan stone material industry development
"Buy stones, to head", this is the national and global stone a slogan.
Head, refers to nanan shuitou town, now it is one of the country's largest professional wholesale market, stone stone production accounted for 40% of the national stone material production, exports accounted for 45% of exports of the country.However, the nation's only "China stone city", but there was no stone resources."Zero resource" is how to produce big industry?
Professional market: gather global stone resources
Shuitou town is located in minnan golden triangle abdomen, land, sea and air traffic is convenient.As early as the 90 s, some farmers spontaneous stone processing and engaged in stone trade, due to lack of guidance and unified management, the market is always in a city disordered tinkering around the edges.
Do big do work "stone", it is necessary to have a new idea.
Nanan leaders think, under the condition of market economy, "rely on natural resources development industry" inertial thinking and consciousness of small-scale peasant economy, has clearly behind The Times.No natural material resources, but as long as grasp the key resources, market, by building stone material professional wholesale market, capital, technology, talent, collection of information and other factors of production, also can create a new resource advantage.
In 1998, after careful research and scientific planning, minnan building materials market in shuitou town to break ground first.At the beginning of the create, nanan took its positioning as a national and international market, actively carry out investment promotion work, nesting on a.In advance I don't know under the condition of "the water depth, water head township government holds a 40% stake in, played a very good demonstration effect.
After six years of development, minnan first building materials market has become the nation's largest "stone city".Now, the market covers an area of 800 mu, building area of 100000 square meters, from the "China stone city", "shortage of minnan stone material market", "minnan ceramic plumbing decoration city".The "China stone city" construction area of 50000 square meters, all kinds of stores in 1000, the occupancy rate of 100%.
Norwegian red, South Africa, Indian red, shu Jin Bai, agate red, white butterfly stone and so on world famous ore can be seen everywhere, in the head.
"What is the stone which you can buy in the head."Minnan first building materials market, managing director of Wan Yi pool, told reporters.After six years of development, minnan building materials has become the first market in southeast Asia with the largest scale and highest degree of standardization management of stone material wholesale market, here include the currently registered more than 1000 kinds of stone products in the world, in more than 600 dealers at home and abroad, annual turnover of 3 billion yuan.
As the saying goes, communities depend, eat sea near the sea.More than ten years, however, is not "backer" yong man area has done enough "mountain", grow up a pillar industry, and has certain influence in the province, the domestic and the world.From infancy, to experience pain, to guide, yong man wood gone through an extraordinary journey, it slowly accumulated remarkable.
Nanan the development of the "zero resource economy", the first is depends on the construction of the major professional market, give full play to the market of agglomeration effect, resource use skillfully by others.In recent years, the south has built a large number of high starting point, large-scale professional market, such as water head in the town of "China stone city", "Chinese food city" GuanQiao Town, the town of hebron pale, "China plumbing city", etc.For the role of the professional market, head of the stone industry managers understand it: in the head, merchants who may be at a lower price one-time buy neat stone you want all over the world, its scale advantage, cost advantage, efficiency advantage is unmatched elsewhere.